Normally handled by either a dentist or a specialized periodontist, gum disease treatment may be your only option if your dentist determines that you have a problem. Let it fester and you could be looking at some serious issues in the near future. Gingivitis and other illnesses can lead to your teeth falling out or shifting in your mouth. Infections in the gumline can get into the blood. When this happens, the health problem is no longer unique to your mouth. It can even travel to your heart and cause some damage that could threaten your life. Here are some of the options available to you when care becomes necessary.
Not all gum disease treatment options require surgery. In fact, most do not. Dentists and periodontists are bound by ethics to look for the least invasive options possible as a starting point. In some cases, this may mean surgery. In many cases, however, there are effective alternatives. Scaling and root planing are among the most popular methods. These can get rid of plaque and tartar from the periodontal pockets and will also work to smooth out the root of the tooth. This can sometimes be all you need to get back on the path to healthy gums and teeth. Other times, you’ll need more invasive techniques.
Sometimes the non-invasive approach is not sufficient to address a patient’s issues. If this is true, surgery may become an option. There are four primary types of gum disease treatment surgeries (though some dentists may go another route, depending on the circumstances). They include pocket reduction, regenerative procedures, dental crown lengthening, and gum graft. Your dentist or periodontist will look at one of these surgical options if they determine that your gum tissue is too unhealthy to be repaired with non invasive methods.
There is a growing movement to bring lasers into the mix as a form of gum disease treatment. Lasers are building in popularity across the dental spectrum, and this is another way in which they can be used to further oral care. Some dentists have begun using them in conjunction with a traditional scaling and root planing procedure, as research has begun to suggest that it may provide additional benefits. This research has also shown that it can reduce bleeding on the part of the patient during surgery, which can eliminate some of the risk of infection. Talk to your dentist about the use of lasers in periodontal therapy.